Hybrid Napier grass 2. Tropical forages. Phylogenetic studies favour the unification of. Arch. Effect of nitrogen fertilization and stage of maturity of mottgrass (, Seiler, R. J. ; Omar, A. R. S. ; Salim, N., 1979. Determinants of forage quality in pensacola bahiagrass and mott elephantgrass. Elephant grass can be harvested 4 to 6 times per year. Rev. Spikelets are 4-6 mm long and surrounded by 2 cm long plumose bristles. Fresh elephant grass is moderately palatable to rabbits (Adehan et al., 1994; Iyeghe-Erakpotobor et al., 2008). J. Agric. B., 2006. Asian-Aust. The performance of goats offered elephant grass (, Yokota, H. ; Okajima, T. ; Ohshima, M., 1991. Molasses (4%) and defatted rice bran (15%). Nutritional evaluation of pineapple industry by-products as additive on elephant grass silage. Pennisetum purpureum (updated name: Cenchrus purpureus Schumach) , also known as Napier grass, elephant grass or Uganda grass, is a species of perennial tropical grass native to the African grasslands. In Nigeria, elephant grass has been used as mulch (25 cm layer) for weed control, for water storage and to reduce soil losses on slopes (Adekalu et al., 2007; Francis, 2004). A comparison of grass species in Brazil found that elephant grass has an in vitro DM digestibility similar to signal grass (Brachiaria decumbens), but higher than Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus) with a lower insoluble potentially degradable fraction and a higher degradation rate for DM, crude protein and cell wall (Benedetti et al., 2008). METALAN a range of 1: 2 Metal Complex dyes for simple application process, reliable reproducible results and outstanding wet and light fastness properties. Fibre2fashion.com does not warrant or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the excellence, accurateness, completeness, legitimacy, reliability or value of any information, product or service represented on Fibre2fashion.com. Personal communication. Overall, the employment in. Performance of lactating dairy goats fed diets of sweet potato vines, banana peels and maize leaves, supplemented with legume tree foliage. Foliage of the tree legumes gliricidia, leucaena, and sesbania as supplement to napier grass diets for growing goats. The following table summarizes various trials carried out with or without supplementation. Supplementation with sources of protein (legumes, cassava leaves) or energy is useful to obtain good growth or dairy performance. Bras. Rev. The leaves are flat, linear, hairy at the base, up to 100-120 cm long and 1-5 cm wide, with a bluish-green colour. Sci., 107 (2): 227-233, Van Eys, J. E. ; Pulungan, H. ; Rangkuti, M. ; Johnson, W. L., 1987. Harvesting at longer intervals produces higher DM yields but lower quality forage as protein and ash content, digestibility and leaf-to-stem ratios decline. In feedlot sheep, elephant grass supplemented with 30% concentrate allowed an average daily gain of 95 g/d, comparable to that obtained with buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris), Panicum molle and Urochloa mosambicensis (Camurca et al., 2002). Study on nutritive value of tropical forages in North Sumatra, Indonesia. Prot. Effect of supplementing Napier grass (, Kaitho, R. J. ; Kariuki, J. N., 1998. There is little or no seed formation. Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Sci., 13 (Suppl. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Cabral, L. da S. ; Valadares Filho, S. de C. ; Detmann, E. ; Zervoudakis, J. T. ; Veloso, R. G. ; Nunes, P. M. M., 2004. Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem, turkey foot) -- This grass grows up to 2 metres tall, with blue-green leaves and large purple inflorescences shaped like birds' feet. The shortage of feed, particularly during the dry season is one of the major factor limiting productivity of livestock in the tropics. J. Anim. Dyestuffs belonging to chemical class of Direct, Reactive, Acid, etc. Silva, F. F. ; Aguiar, M. S. M. A. ; Veloso, C. M. ; Pires, A. J. V. ; Bonomo, P. ; Dutra, G. S. ; Almeida, V. S. ; Carvalho, G. G. P. ; Silva, R. R. ; Dias, A. M. ; Itavo, L. C. V., 2007. 1): 331-332, van Eys, J. E.; Mathius, I. W.; Pongsapan, P.; Johnson, W. L., 1986. Nutritional quality of wilted napier grass (, Yokota, H. ; Okajima, T. ; Ohshima, M., 1994. Anim. Ruminal solubility of trace elements from selected Philippine forages. J. Agric. The views and opinions of the authors who have submitted articles to Fibre2fashion.com belong to them alone and do not reflect the views of Fibre2fashion.com. Translate Elephant grass to Italiano online aScarica gratis il tuo strumento di traduzione. Impacts of Miscanthus. Rev. Basket making craft is a traditional heritage providing employment and earning capability to a large number of craftsman from rural area. Asian-Aust. Energy and protein evaluation of tropical feedstuffs for whole tract and ruminal digestion by chemical analyses and rumen inoculum studies, Lavezzo, W. ; Gutierrez, L. C. ; Silveira, A. C. ; Mendes, O. E. N. ; Goncalez, D. A., 1983. The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. The simple dyeing process involves dipping the Elephant grass strands in required quantity of dyestuffs as per desired shade along with a suitable levelling and an acidic pH controlling agent and boiled for 30 to 60 min depending on desired depth of shade. In the USA, the Environment Protection Agency agreed that elephant grass could be used as a source of biofuel under the Renewable Fuel Standard Program provided producers respect the Risk Management Plan for early detection and rapid response to potential spread (EPA, 2013). Elephant grass, merker grass, Napier grass, napier, Uganda grass, bana grass, barner grass [English]; herbe à éléphant, fausse canne à sucre, canne fourragère [French]; capim-elefante, capim-napiê [Portuguese]; pasto elefante, yerba elefante, zacate elefante, hierba elefante, gigante, pasto de Uganda [Spanish]; mfufu [Afrikaans]; erepani [Cook Island]; Olifantsgras [Dutch]; rumput gajah [Indonesian, Malaysian]; erba elefante, erba Napier, erba ugandese [Italian]; urubingo [Kinyarwanda]; mabingobingo [Kiswahili]; acfucsracsracsr [Kosraean]; senjele [Nyanja]; bokso [Palauan]; puk soh [Pohnpeian]; vao povi [Samoan]; buntot-pusa [Tagalog]; cỏ voi [Vietnamese]; الثيوم الأرجواني [Arabic]; 象草 [Chinese]; Слоно́вая трава́ [Russian], Pennisetum purpureum Schumach. wide l nearly impenetrable-----2. Nutrient characterisation and, Aroeira, L. J. M. ; Lopes, F. C. F. ; Deresz, F. ; Verneque, R. S. ; Dayrell, M. S. ; de Matos, L. L. ; Maldonado-Vasquez, H. ; Vittori, A., 1999. Feeding of tropical trees and shrub foliages as a strategy to reduce ruminal methanogenesis: studies conducted in Cuba. The authors recommended using of elephant grass between 30 and 35 days of regrowth (Machado et al., 2008). Agropec. Elephant grass has a rather low protein content (about 10% DM) but young grass can be very nutritive. Environ., 12 (4), 405-419, Adjolohoun, S., 2008. Hybrid grass contains about 10.2% crude protein and 30.5% crude fibre which make it high-quality forage for cattle. It is a valuable forage and very popular throughout the tropics, notably in cut-and-carry systems (Mannetje, 1992; FAO, 2015). Zootec., 58 (222): 297-300, Tangendjaja, B. ; Rahardjo, Y. C. ; Lowry, J. In Kenya, it was suggested that elephant grass should be fed to dairy cows when it reaches a height of 55-60 cm (7-8 weeks) and 130-140 cm (9-10 weeks) in the medium and high rainfall areas (Muia et al., 1999). Product diversification and making it contemporary will provide greater satisfaction to the craftsmen. Elephant grass is a robust, rhizomatous, tufted perennial grass. Malay. Grass mulching effect on infiltration, surface runoff and soil loss of three agricultural soils in Nigeria. Circular Tecnica, Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Gado de Lei e. 1982, No.15, 15 pp, Warly, L. ; Evitayani; Fariani, A., 2010. Sci., 55 (1): 13-20, Kariuki, J. N. ; Gitau, G. K. ; Gachuiri, C. K. ; Tamminga, S. ; Muia, J. M. K. , 1999. Elephant grass pasture + 3 kg maize bran + 8 kg fresh. Indian J. As the chemical composition of Elephant grass contains both protein as well as cellulosic components, it can be dyed with different class of dyes which are suitable for dyeing natural fibres like cotton, linen, jute, wool, silk, etc. 23, FAO, Rome, Snijders, P. J. M. ; Wouters, B. P. ; Kariuki, J. N., 2011. Performance of sheep fed tropical grass hay based diets. In central Kenya, a comparison of three legumes (Desmodium intortum, Macrotyloma axillare, Neonotonia wightii) associated with elephant grass concluded that Desmodium intortum was the best choice whereas Neonotonia wightii gave the lowest performance (Mwangi et al., 2004). Effect of chemical additives on consumption and digestibility of King grass silages. T. Ansah, E.L.K Osafo and Hanne H. Hansen. Bras. Epa issues supplemental final rule for new qualifying renewable fuels under the RFS program. Increased DM intake, OM digestibility, N retention and average daily gain. Populations have also been found in areas of southern Ontario. The uniqueness of these baskets is that they can be "re-shaped" by wetting them with water and then "massaging them back to original shape with open hand. Intake, nutrients digestibility and nitrogen balance of elephant grass silages added different levels of dehydrated cashew stalk. The duration of rumination and the transit time of feeds increased markedly with older grass, resulting in an increased digestive efficiency (Butterworth, 1965). Effect of feeding napier grass, lucerne and sweet potato vines as sole diets to dairy heifers on nutrient intake, weight gain and rumen degradation. Elephant grass is sometimes intercropped with banana and cassava in home gardens (Mannetje, 1992). Méd. Miscanthus × giganteus (Miscanthus giganteus, giant miscanthus) is a highly productive, rhizomatous C4 perennial grass, originating from Asia. It is called giant grass. DM and crude protein digestibility and milk fatty acids concentrations were not markedly affected by the inclusion of elephant grass hay (Mostafa et al., 2003). Increased milk production but cows fed 2 months or 15 weeks elephant grass lost weight. Anim. II. Zootec., 59 (3): 719-729. Intake of tropical grass, legume and legume-grass mixtures by rabbits. Technol., 98 (4): 912-917, Adjolohoun, S. ; Bindelle, J. ; Adandédjan, C. ; Buldgen, A., 2008. Get it as soon as Wed, Dec 9. Pasture availability and dry matter intake of lactating crossbred cows grazing elephant grass (, Artus-Poliakoff, F. ; Champannet, F. ; Gayalin, M., 1991. Sci., 61 (Suppl. Trop. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. Increased nitrogenous fractions, but also the non-digestible fraction of carbohydrates and acid detergent insoluble nitrogen, which limits the use of cocoa meal as a silage ingredient. It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. Increased daily DM intake, reduced daily liveweight loss and increased daily milk yield (7.3, 7.7 and 8.3 kg, respectively). Effect of protein supplementation on milk production and metabolism of dairy cows grazing tropical grass. FAO, Rome, Italy, Ørskov, E. R. ; Nakashima, Y. ; Abreu, J. M. F. ; Kibon, A. ; Tuah, A. K., 1992. 75 ($29.75/Ounce) 15% coupon applied at checkout Save 15% with coupon. Res. Nevertheless, the low concentration of the protein in lysine (about 60% of requirements), and particularly in sulphur-containing amino acids (about 40-50% of requirements), should be considered. Seasonal changes in nutritive value of some grass species in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Use of, Njarui, D. M. G. ; Mureithi, J. G. ; Wandera, F. P. ; Muinga, R. W., 2003. [Poaceae], Pennisetum benthamii Steud., Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.) Science Bulletin No. Arq. Miscanthus grasses range throughout the eastern United States, as well as some states in the west, including Colorado and California. Moreover, the new generation of artisans can get different and new innovative ideas which can uplift their economic standard. Digestion rate of protein and carbohydrate fractions for corn silage, tifton-85 bermudagrass hay, elephantgrass silage and soybean meal. R. Bras. Mineral composition. Ulteriori informazioni. Methane production by ruminants is linked to structural carbohydrates contained in forage-based diets. Sci., 63 (1): 197-207, Parra, A. ; Combellas, J. ; Dixon, R, 1984. Nutritive value. Supplementation with maize bran and leucaena increased DM intake and allowed a higher milk yield than elephant grass alone or supplemented with leucaena. In the Philippines, it has been used to control Imperata cylindrica (Skerman et al., 1990; Duke, 1983). Illustrative dyed self shades on Elephant grass: India has rich heritage of art and craft, each and every part of this country has its own unique handicraft styles. Given crop residues supplemented with high quality forages and by-products feeds for rabbit production: 1 cutting high-rainfall. Height of about 40 tons/ha/year and can be retained and saved and by-products feeds for production! Composition, Tibayungwa, F. F. R. ; Jokl, L. E. 1984... To 200 cm and distance within rows is between 50 and 100 cm (,. 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Of Tanganyika feeding stuffs, Adjolohoun, S., 2005 ) fat and production. Arranged around a hairy axis, and may be a valuable biological agent control. Livestock: a bioeconomic analysis can withstand drought conditions and is a tall grass that grows from sea level to.