The Mongol Empire would have a difficult time managing the entirety of Europe as a series of Rus-like vassals though, there are just too many realms far from the steppe and it would make the Holy Roman Empire look simple to manage. Ogedai himself was the third son of Genghis, and his older brothers were both dead, leaving behind sons of their own. But in the thicker wooded area of western Europe (before it was cut and farmed like today) on the thin roads and small fields, in the close quarters the heavy armor knights would have slaughtered them. Tengri, the Inner Asian Great Blue Sky, had granted Batu’s grandfather, the lord of the earth Chinggis Khan, the right to rule over all who lived in felt tents. Planning to invade Italy,Austria, and Germany in the winter of 1241-42,the Mongol army was on the march when news came from the Mongol capital, Karakorom, of the death of Ogatai, son and successor of Genghis Khan.The law of Genghis Khan clearly stated The second reason is that the goals of the Mongols had been achieved. The Mongols continued to invade Central Europe with three armies. The Portal for Public History It was an unparalleled human catastrophe. What factors halted the Mongolian invasion of Europe? The Mongol conquest of China was a series of major military efforts by the Mongol Empire to invade China proper.It spanned six decades in the 13th century and involved the defeat of the Jin dynasty, Western Xia, the Dali Kingdom, the Southern Song, and the Eastern Xia.The Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan started the conquest with small-scale raids into Western Xia in 1205 and 1207. Reason they would have imo failed would be: (i shortened a bit, please correct if wrong) 1: Not many large pitched battles, european armies often avoided those. Mongol invasions of Anatolia occurred at various times, starting with the campaign of 1241–1243 that culminated in the Battle of Köse Dağ.Real power over Anatolia was exercised by the Mongols after the Seljuks surrendered in 1243 until the fall of the Ilkhanate in 1335. all the jabber about what an organizational genius GK was flies in the face of the whole transfer of power apparatus he set up that made the “Empire” a house of cards. There are two main reasons that I know of: the death of Ogedai Khan in December 1241 is the first, and the second is that the Mongol goals had been completed - they only wanted Hungary. Forums. The Mongol invasions of Russia and Eastern Europe occurred first with a brief sortie in 1223 CE and then again in a much larger campaign between 1237 CE and 1242 CE. The Mongols were quite effective in siege warfare in China, and Chinese fortifications were, at that time, the most impressive in the world. From my understanding when a new leader was chosen the Mongols held a kurultai, where all the important officials in the empire were expected to attend and vote on a new leader. What then were the only two areas to remain free of Mongol assaults? Battle of Ain Jalut. Why didn't Mongol invade the holy city, ... Mongol's southward expansion was permanently stopped by Mamluk Sultanate in an area which is now part of West Bank. Some good books on the formation of the Mongol Empire are "Genghis Khan: Life, Death, and Resurrection" by John Man and "Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World" by Jack Weatherford. Which of the following was a result of the great plague of the fourteenth century? When Ogedei died, it was expected that the leaders meet to chose a new Great Khan. I'm curious about Ghenghis Khan and the Mongols, but I will not have time nor willpower enough to read through accurate but soulless books. But, the process of increasing economic efficiency came to a standstill when the Mongols came to share their Western border with the Khwarezmian Empire. Is there documentation to that effect or is it speculative? They supported far smaller populations than their agricultural counterparts. Because there was no clear rule about succession, it was open. To add one more point, all these western lands would be given to batu and why would he stop and give the army back befor he had nothing left to conquere. Open new ticket Watched. Same many sieges lasted months or even years, even if the outcome was certain. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. And even so, defeating all of China's fortresses and river navies took them over 60 years. If one reads about the 1241 Mongol invasion of ''Europe'', a common narrative is that: Europe was spared because the Khan died, and that the Mongols would have easy bulldozed all of it, because they also took China and the Middle East. Why didn't the Mongols invade Western Europe? One army defeated the fragmented Poland at the Battle of Legnica in 1241. The Mongols made a wise decision not to come back and invade Western Europe. There were also a lot more of them than in 1241 and the castles were designed to hold out for a long time without additional food or water. The other major goal in Europe had been Poland, however this was to prevent reinforcements coming South to help Bela defend Hungary. Two days later the armies regrouped and crushed the Hungarian army at the Battle of Mohi, killing up to a quarter of the population and destroying as much as half of the habitable dwellings. The Mongolian empire was a universalising enterprise. they didn't have the political/logistical support for two generations of fort-by-fort subdual like that of the Mongols in (rich, nearby) China. Menu. Do you know of any books on the subject that are written with passion, rather than a dry academic approach? So the Mongols had the ability to continue west into Europe, but didn't. Because the Seljuk Sultan rebelled several times, in 1255, the Mongols swept through central and eastern Anatolia. The Mongol Empire as a Eurasian Network Use HWK 534-539 and underline the answers to the following questions. Can you be more specific? The Mongols didn't adhere to "the eldest son inherits". Answers must be in-depth and comprehensive, or they will be removed. Historians could only guess why until now, since written accounts from the point of view of Mongol military leaders are sparse. Please read the rules before participating, as we remove all comments which break the rules. Answer to: Why did the Mongols invade Europe? Why didn't the Mongols invade Western Europe? They responded by build more Western style castle and the Mongols did very poorly when they tried to invade again. The Mongols in Europe, I suggest, just didn't have the political/logistical support for two generations of fort-by-fort subdual like that of the Mongols in (rich, nearby) China. The Pope of course ... had enough loot from sacking pre modern russia and parts of eastern europe then there would be no need to go further west. And that all their other strengths are also of not much use (good in open battles and on steppes etc). Asked by Wiki User. Mongols (7) Related Question Categories. What made Hungary able to beat the Mongols was … Wiki User Answered . How badly would the Mongols have raped western Europe if they hadn't had to go back to choose a new ... - "/his/ - History & Humanities" is 4chan's board for discussing and debating history. The Mongol army conquered hundreds of cities and villages and also killed millions of men, women and children. Top Answer. Didn't the Mongols plan to construct a navy to reach the Japanese archiepelago and wasn't historical consensus that hadn't a complete freak ... Island did have a good point about the flat terrain and the mongols proved themselves against Western armies before. It has been estimated that approximately 11% of the world's population was killed either during or immediately after the Turco-Mongol invasions. At the time of his death both Xi Xia and the Jin had not been finished of completly. Ogodei Khan, who was leading the attack on Europe, died. why is that? India and Western Europe Which Mongol leader led the conquests in the Muslim territories? China. Ogodei Khan, who was leading the attack on Europe, died. European Knights could outnumber Mongol forces (if they were united in an alliance) and their armour was superior too. To add to the first part a bit. Beyond Hungary lay much rougher terrain that was ill suited for them. Why didn't the Mongols invade Western Europe? They also innvaded north into polan and germany and south into the balkan. The second reason is debatable though, as Subedei and Batu both were competent commanders who may have pushed forward. Ogedei died so Batu had to withdraw as prep for struggle for succession. 3: Stubbornness of defenders, 100 years war, 80 years war, 30 years war, Europeans in general were willing to fight for years regardless of the destruction and casulaties. hi! Expansion into western Europe would have had all sorts of problems. So my question is: Doesnt the failure of the 1285 invasion show that the mongols never had a realistic chance to succesfull raid and invade europe like they did in China? The site may not work properly if you don't, If you do not update your browser, we suggest you visit, Press J to jump to the feed. Europe was saved from, at the very least, a nasty ravage by the Mongols not by military action, but by pure chance. Cookies help us deliver our Services. you'll find more responses in these threads. Please read the rules before participating, as we remove all comments which break the rules. Even if he didn't want to be the Great Khan, he led the Golden Horde with Subedei and was extremely influential within the Mongol nation for this reason. 0 1 2. ... Why didn't Hitler invade all European countries in WWII? Simply failed clear rule about succession, it was good land that suited them Ogedei not died 1241... Was nowhere near conquering Europe Logistics—The Mongol hordes required a lot of,! Areas to remain free of Mongol assaults they effectice tried twice, the second reason is debatable though as... And villages and also killed millions of men, women and children Poland, however was... 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