It is widely cultivated commercially with many cultivars in use as ornamental plants,[5] and for the cut-flower trade. Founded by Werner Rothmaler. Cempasúchil (Tagetes spp.) The cultivar ‘Inca Orange’ has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[15][16]. Marigold (Engl.) Scientific Name : Tagetes erecta Common Name : African (American) Marigold Blooming Season : Spring, Late Spring, Summer Plant Habit : Mounded, Upright Spacing : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Height : 10 - 12" (25 - 30cm) Width : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Exposure : Sun Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Coated, De-tailed. The scientific name of the french marigold is Tagetes patula L. Scientific names. Sahagún also describes, in the same work, that the plant had a role in the rituals of the religious festival Mexica of the month Teculhuitontli, where the goddess of salt Huixtocíhuatl, whose color was yellow, was celebrated and who offered herself as sacrifice a woman. Tagetes erecta, commonly called African marigold, Aztec marigold, American marigold or big marigold, is native to Mexico and Central America. Tagetes L. – marigold. Tagetes erecta, the Mexican marigold or Aztec marigold, is a species of the genus Tagetes native to Mexico. 2: 437. It is also used to enhance colouring in crustaceans,[20] such as the Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei).[27]. Taller varieties may need staking or other support. Season in which crop is grown . Amarillo (Span., Tag.) Michoacán University of San Nicolás de Hidalgo. Heavy flowerheads put considerable stress on plant stems which often snap when exposed to strong winds and/or heavy rains. Fanerogamic Flora of the Valley of Mexico. pinch young plants to promote bushy growth. II 1st edition. Scientific Name : Tagetes erecta Common Name : African (American) Marigold Blooming Season : Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Late Summer Plant Habit : Upright Spacing : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Height : 16 - 18" (41 - 46cm) Width : 10 - 12" (25 - 30cm) Exposure : Sun Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Coated, De-tailed. Big marigold may be the best descriptive name because plants are noted for their large flowerheads. Tagetes erecta, commonly called African marigold, Aztec marigold, American marigold or big marigold, is native to Mexico and Central America. Pinnate leaves on glabrous, angular stems. Tagetes erecta f. erecta Tagetes erecta var. The Aztecs gathered the wild plant as well as cultivating it for medicinal, ceremonial and decorative purposes. The fruits and seeds are: linear achenes 7 to 10 mm long, smooth or slightly covered with stiff hairs at the corners. Tagetes erecta. Genus. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Catalog of weeds of Mexico. Opposite leaves at the bottom alternate at the top, up to 20 cm long, pinnate, composed of 11 to 17 leaflets, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, up to 5 cm long and 1.5 cm wide, acute to acuminate, serrated to sub-holders, the lower ones of each leaf frequently setiform (in the form of threads), the superiors are sometimes completely setiform; with abundant round glands. The Plants Database includes the following 8 species of Tagetes . Celak. Tagetes lemmonii. [19] Water infused with the fragrant essential oil of the flower was used to wash corpses in Honduras, and the flower is still commonly planted in cemeteries. Heuzé V., Tran G., Hassoun P., Lebas F., 2017. eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil Reference: Strother 2006 FNANM 21:235--236 The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Site tall varieties in locations sheltered from strong winds and heavy rains. 1791, nom. In manufacturing, the oil is used as a fragrance in perfumes. Common Name: Inca marigold, Marigold inca ii yellow, Marigold inca ii, Marigold inca ii yellow HINDI: Genda MANIPURI: Sanarei MARATHI: Jhenduphool KONKANI: Gondiphool. Plant taller varieties deep: strip off a few of the lower stem leaves and set plants below the remaining leaf scars so as to minimize the need for stem support. The plant also has a history of use against intestinal parasites and worms with one study indicating that it has a different mechanism than the anthelmintic drug levamisole. The most intense orange tones of the flowers are related to a higher content of carotenoids, especially xanthophyll. Promptly deadhead spent flowers. Start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date or purchase plants in cell/six packs from local nurseries. Watch for spider mites and thrips. Triploid F1 hybrids (T. erecta x T. patula) combine the large flowers of the African marigold with the more compact size of the French marigold into vigorous plants featuring 2-3” diameter flowers on stems rising 10-18” tall. Despite its being native to the Americas, it is often called African marigold. University of the State of Mexico. [9], The main characteristic of the flowers is that they are grouped in small heads or in solitary inflorescences, on peduncles up to 15 cm long, they are liguladas of yellow colors to red. [14], It is widely cultivated and there are many cultivars used in gardening as an ornamental plant. [6][7], Some authorities regard Tagetes patula (the French marigold) as a synonym of Tagetes erecta. [3][4] In Mexico, this plant is found in the wild in the states of México, Michoacán, Puebla, and Veracruz. Annual. Scientific Name : Tagetes erecta. It reproduces easily by seeds. Leaves: 4 to 11 cm long, very deeply pinnatifid, the lobe lanceolate, coarsely and sharply toothed, 1 to 2.5 cm long. Fund of Economic Culture. It was described as a genus by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. Vázquez-García L. M., Víveros-Farfán I. M. G. and Salomé-Castañeda E. 2002. Note: Tagetes erecta L. (heads 1--few, generally large; involucre widely cylindric or bell-shaped, 13--19 mm; ray flowers 8--many) a waif in disturbed places. [29], Mexican marigolds (orange, center) in Tepoztlán, Morelos. Eckehart J. Jäger, Friedrich Ebel, Peter Hanelt, Gerd K. Müller (ed. Ornamental Phytogenetic Resources of Mexico. Scientific Name: Tagetes L. (Asteraceae) erecta L. Related Plants 'Big Duck Gold' 'Giant Perfecta Series' 'Pollux' 'Simba' 'Yellow … Class: Dicotyledonae. ): Excursion flora of Germany . This species persists … Other names include Amarillo in Spanish. Tagetes Hindi Name: Gainda . It has been intentionally introduced across tropical, subtropical and temperate regions of the world and now it can be found cultivated and naturalized in North and South America, the Caribbean, Africa, Asia, Europe and Oceania The genus Tagetes includes African, Mexican and French marigolds. The scientific name of the marigold is Tagetes erecta L. It is also known as African marigold, Aztec marigold, and French marigold. Plug crop time: 3 weeks Transplant to finish: Spring 4 to 6 weeks, … Tagetes patula, commonly called French marigold, is a compact annual that typically grow 6-12” tall and feature single, semi-double, double or crested, fragrant flowers (1-2” diameter) in shades of yellow, orange, red and bicolor. Subphylum: Angiospermae. Some studies indicate the effectiveness of the latter in the prevention of coronary artery disease, heart attacks, immune response, old age and cancer. 2005. Morphology. Appreciates some light afternoon shade in hot summer climates such as St. Louis. [25] The dried flower petals, ground to a powder, are used in poultry feed to ensure a good colouration of egg yolks and broiler skin, especially in the absence of well-pigmented yellow maize in the feed. The archaeological record of the use of Tagetes erecta among pre-Hispanic civilizations is not as abundant as in the case of other species of the same family. Tagetes erecta is an annual herb that has been commercialized worldwide as an ornamental plant and as a source of natural pigments from its yellow/orange flowers. illegit. Tagetes patula - MHNT Tagetes patula, the French marigold, is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family, native to Mexico and Guatemala with several naturalised populations in many other countries. The essential oil of the flower contains antioxidants. Mexico City. In Mexico, this plant is found in the wild in the states of México, Michoacán, Puebla, and Veracruz. Tagetes ernstii H.Rob. 28-67. Mexican marigold (Tagetes erecta). Altervista Flora Italiana, Tagete eretta, "Marigold: the typical flower to celebrate the Day of The Dead", Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, "Carotenoids from plants used in diets for the culture of the Pacific white shrimp (, "Dyeing of cotton yarn with marigold (Tagetes erecta) petals: An emphasis on pre-treatments and mordants", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tagetes_erecta&oldid=989296961, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 04:43. Species ( cultivated ) it can be used “ as such ” in cosmetic products India, Zambia, Africa... 'Crackerjack ' mix is an heirloom that grows up to a height of 180 cm that. Its being native to Mexico and Central America and leaves than most marigolds. 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