Chamfer A canted surface produced by beveling off an angle. While Queen Elizabeth didn’t begin her reign until 1533,… This gorgeous sofa was popularized by King Louis XV in the first half of the 1700s. Fakes exist, with dealers trying to make money from such furniture. Become aware of what to look for, and develop a trained eye. EEbenistes Furnture maker who specializes in the art of veneering. Amphora Classical two-handled storage jar later adopted as a neoclassical decorative motif. Monopodium Classical pedestal support composed of an animal head and a single leg; widely used in the early nineteenth century. Bureau plat Flat writing-desk in the form of a large, elongated table, often with two or three drawers underneath. Modular Chairs and Sofas for Styling Small Spaces. It is easy to identify a chesterfield style sofa. Girandole Elaborate candelabrum associated with Rococo and Neoclassical design. This was then enclosed with a second layer of glass or a coating of varnish. From decorating your dining room, to finding the finishing piece to your library, here are 13 iconic designer chairs you should know about. Valued for unusual but attractive grain. In America, used to describe a bedroom chest-of-drawers. Also, it’s easy to find a chaise longue mixed with another sofa style, like the mid-century inspired chaise in the image below. It’s the ideal furniture choice for a minimal home due to its defined shape and composed look. Find furniture & decor you love at Hayneedle, where you can buy online while you explore our room designs and curated looks for tips, ideas & inspiration to help you along the way. Lunette Semicircular or half-moon shape making up a piece of furniture, often filled with carved decoration, Lunettes carved in this way originated in the seventeenth century and enjoyed renewed popularity during the nineteenth-century Jacobean revival.MMarquetry A type of ornamental veneer comprising shaped pieces of wood or other substances which form a mosaic, or kind of jigsaw-puzzle, in floral, landscape, arabesque or other patterns; if a geometric pattern, called parquetry. Reeding Parallel, convex reed moulding derived from decoration used on classical columns. Splat Central flat support between a chair’s seat and top-rail. The whole piece rests on an open or cupboard-like stand. Buffet Side-or serving-table used from medieval times. Even in 21st century America, he is often called the most famous American cabinetmaker. OOgee A continuous double curve in the shape of an ‘S’, referred to by Hogarth as ‘the line of beauty’; used for mouldings. You might select a “fainting” couch made famous in the silent movies of the early 1900s for a distinct decoration. Of classical origin, It has been used extensively as carved decoration on furniture. Known to have existed in ancient Egypt, Green and Rome, this chair enjoyed a medieval revival as well as providing a popular prototype for the eighteenth-and nineteenth-century classical revivals. Enjoy our 13 Iconic Designer Chairs You Should Know piece and see if you already know them all. Antique furniture may support the human body (such as seating or beds), provide storage, or hold objects on horizontal surfaces above the ground. Very fashionable from the late seventeenth century. These days you can find a chaise longue in many textures and designs. The neatly trimmed shape keeps it formal. A seat for one, this sofa is a chair and footstool combined for the perfect downtime. It adds a traditional look to the room. Paintbrush foot American term for Spanish foot. Geographic origin: England. This form o reproducing the effect of Oriental lacquer reached the height of its popularity in mid-eighteenth-century France. Top-rail The uppermost horizontal rail on a chair-back. Also known as a roll-top desk. There is also a newer version of this sofa, called the humpback, which may have only one or two humps. An antique sofa may be very finely carved but should still show signs of being handmade. This differs from marquetry which uses applied veneers, not sole pieces of wood. Stile Upright supporting post on a piece of furniture. Eastlake, 1870-1890: This design style is named for Charles Locke Eastlake, who wrote a popular book in 1872 called Hints on Household Taste. Knowing how to identify each main part and its variations can help you describe the sofa you want to a salesperson or designer. Much of Shaker furniture styles originated in America in the mid-1800s. Made from the tumescent growth of certain trees (notably walnut). The design is cut into a black lacquer ground and is also known as cutwork. Given that it claims an essential spot in our home, there are many types of sofa out there. These types of sofa were popular in French aristocratic homes in the 19th century. Imitated more cheaply in lacca contrafatta or arte povera. Vitruvian scroll Repeating patter resembling a series of ‘C’ scrolls or waves. Occasionally the cylinder is of tambour form, i.e. If concave above and convex below, called an ogee moulding, or cyma recta; if convex above and concave below, a reverse ogee moulding, or cyma reversa. Also called a knurl foot, Braganza foot, and, in America, a paintbrush foot. Even though it comes under the wider category of a chaise longue, there is one main distinguishing factor – the arched back on one side. KKey pattern Repeating motif of straight lines, usually at right angles, derived from classical Greek architecture; became a much-used border ornament. Antique furniture at Wooden Nickel is a constant turnover. Known as crotch mahogany in America. Shell carving is basically carving in the wood to look like a shell. A sofa is made up of many different parts. A balustrade is a row of balusters with a joining rail at the top. FFauteuil French form of open-armed chair with upholstered back and seat. Whether you visit the library, a bookshop, or purchase … Understanding the basics of sofa construction can make you a shrewd judge of sofa quality. Hadley chest Often elaborately carved rectangular dowry chest consisting of a set of drawers surmounted by a lidded chest. Slight alterations in the choice of fabric, metal trimmings or a tufted back make it a versatile sofa, that you can custom order for your home. The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City contains numerous Phyfe-attributed or authenticated pieces. Also known as a rabbet joint. You will find designs from countries throughout Europe, and different periods such as Victorian, Georgian, or Edwardian, as well as various types of wood such as mahogany, walnut, or oak. It was designed for women to rest in the middle of the day when the sun was at the meridian, from which its name is derived. Multiple types of wood is a good thing. Of course, there is a good reason for that. Davenport Chest-of-drawers with a sloping desk on top which became increasingly popular from 1830. Hunting board Sideboard or long table of the American South which, when first devised in the eighteenth century was sued for serving drinks to hunters.I. Also refers to heavily carved or glided sconces or wall-brackets with mirrored backplates to reflect the candlelight. What’s more, it makes a fitting image as the luxury recliner in your bedroom corner. Popular in nineteenth-century Europe and America. Astragal Small semicircular convex moulding commonly used as a glazing-bar on furniture. Spend a bit of time looking at antique furniture and you'll likely notice many flowing elements that look like confetti. Halving joint Way of creating a flat join in crossing timbers by cutting out a half thickness from each piece. Lawson sofas boast a simple and comfortable design, ditching the ornate styles more popular at that time, and paving a way for the contemporary look of sofas you may see today. Once again, it was Thomas Chippendale’s furniture company that was responsible for making the camelback a popular choice in furniture for aristocratic families in 18th century England. Tole Tinware which has been decorated by means of japanning: known in America as toleware. A symbol of fertility and abundance popular during the Baroque/Rococo periods. Check out this summer beach house in cool blue. Derived from Greek architecture, the caryatid has been popular since the Renaissance and enjoyed particular favour in the Rococo and Neoclassical periods. This humped sofa gets its name from the animal it resembles. Cross-member Horizontal, supporting rail. Finial Projecting ornament which can take many forms, including those of a ball, flame, flower, acorn, pineapple or vase. If you are looking to buy a vintage sofa or antique sofa, you are spoilt for choice at Love Antiques. TTambour Thin strips of wood glued to canvas backing to form a flexible sheet used to conceal storage areas, for example in the lid of a bureau a cylindre. The term originally referred to the scarf worn by a knight across his helmet. a mirror frame or the top-rail of a chair, headboard or footboard of a bed or along the back-rail of a day-bed. Canted A beveled or chamfered surface; used to refer to furniture legs inclining outwards. Sign up for our newsletter and get the latest home tours and giveaways. Isn’t it better when you know the type of sofa you already have and the type you want to acquire next? Often upholstered with Berlin woodwork.R. Cartouche Motif with curved or rolled edges suggesting a scroll shape or a piece of paper with curling edges. American Classical Empire Sofa with Cornucopias above Paw Feet Fine antique dealers consider objects 150 years and older to be antique. Also called horn-of-plenty. Applied decoration Decoration, normally carved, laid onto the surface of a piece of furniture. Not yet found what you’re looking for? Trompe l’oeil Painted decoration with natural shadows designed to ‘deceive the eye’ into believing they are real, i.e., three-dimensional. In the same way, perhaps there’ll be a little discussion over its shape, but that’s about it. Papier mache Technique using sand, chalk, size and paper pulp which, when dry, forms a hard substance; later moulded to form furniture. So next time you go out shopping for one, you’ll know exactly what you’re looking for! Coats of heat-hardened spirit varnishes and, later, cheap oil-based varnishes were types of japanning applied to furniture from the 1660s onwards. Cornice Highest part of three principal members of the entablature. Sometimes with doors or drawers. Don’t be confused! These flowing lines are called arabesques, and they are seen in furniture and many other decor items. Purchase Antique Vintage Sofas Easily From Reputable Dealers We have more useful articles in our archives!   |   Also horizontal moulding projecting from the top of case pieces such as bookcases and cabinets. For most people, the term vintage furniture is used to describe a piece between 30 to 100 years old—at 100 years or older, a furniture piece becomes classified as an antique. Term derived from Roman wall-paintings found in Nero’s Golden House, the rooms of which became known as ‘grottoes’ when excavated in c.1500. Quality furniture lasts for decades or even generations with proper care and ideal conditions. The arms are also lower than the back. Technically, an antique is a piece of furniture with special value because of its age, particularly those pieces embellished with fine artistry. Patera Round or oval medallion motif frequently incorporating fluting, leaves or flower petals in its design. Secretaire a abattant Tall French writing-desk, the top part of which resembles an armoire, having a door at its base. Volute foot Outward-scrolling foot popular on Baroque furniture. Of classical origin, it was commonly used on eighteenth-century furniture. Often used to refer to bronze furniture mounts enhanced by mercury-gilding. Festoon, or Swag Renaissance and Neoclassical motif in the shape of a suspended loop of drapery or a garland of fruit and flowers. The same flowing lines are seen in the classic logo for Coca-Cola. Check out this home tour of a Barcelona apartment that keeps things eclectic but casual. Meridienne sofas are usually ornate with a lot of beautiful woodwork around its frame. Fluting Decoration formed by making parallel, semicircular grooves; used on furniture since the sixteenth century. JJapanning Term used for various Western methods which attempted to imitate Oriental lacquer. Spindle Slim, turned member which may be of constant width or decoratively turned. That old couch from your great-grandmother's estate may not seem all that special, but if you're using it, you could be sitting on a small fortune. Fretwork Interlocking geometrical designs cut from thin wood and used ornamentally without contrasting backing in open fretwork and with backing in blind fretwork. Bracket Right-angled fitting acting as support to a horizontal member. 2. Claw-and-ball foot Foot of Oriental origin composed of talons holding a ball; dragon’s claw replaced by eagle’s claw in Europe. Often used on chair-back and applied on panels. The beautiful shape of this sofa is ideal for creating an ornate and refined look. We spend so much of our time in the living room, making the couch one of the most important features of the house. What Is Vintage Furniture? Different types of turning are created by altering the pressure of the lathe. Stretcher Strengthening or stabilizing rail which runs horizontally between furniture legs, often forming X, H or Y shapes. The top is often flap-fronted to provide a large writing surface when open. His collection of Broached Monsters plays on the magic of the Pankalangu and other creatures from story traditions. We carry large American, Victorian, Renaissance, Gothic, Arts and Crafts pieces such as sideboards, bookcases, hall trees, tables, armoires and the like. Linenfold Form of carving which imitated vertical folds of drapery. Much used in the nineteenth-century Gothic revival. The flap is hinged at the base and rests on lopers when open, folds up at an angle when closed. Coquillage From of decorative shell motif which became popular during the Baroque and Rococo periods. Prized for its mottled or feathery grain. The chair-back has a concave top-rail attached to verticals. Rebate joint Formed by cutting a groove, wedge or, most commonly, rectangular section along the edge of one piece of wood and fitting it with another, matching piece of wood; can be glued or nailed. Diaper motif Trellis of repeated square or lozenge shapes sometimes enclosing carved decoration. Free-standing or incorporated in a sideboard. Towards the end of the eighteenth century sideboards replaced buffets in the dining-room, although the buffet enjoyed renewed popularity during the nineteenth-century Gothic revival. The 4th Earl of Chesterfield, Lord Philip Stanhope, requested the local craftsmen design a sofa that would allow men to sit upright yet comfortably, without wrinkling their clothes. There are several variations to be found today, but the original Lawson had three back and seat cushions. Creating a perfect home also involves knowing more about the things you own. AAcanthus: Ornament representing stylized form of thick, scallop-edged Acanthus spinosus leaf. An acanthus is a leafy carved ornament in the top of the columns of the Corinthian.   |   It may or may not have arms, but with a high back and long space to lay down, it’s designed for personal comfort. Male caryatids are less common and are called telamones. Single chair or side-chair A chair without arms. Check out these gorgeous examples of low height furniture. Cresting Carved ornament on top of furniture, i.e. Fluffy Furs and Curious Cabinets: It’s the Broached Monsters! It is a timeless piece of furniture that pairs well with almost all modern furniture and adds a glamorous look to the space. A German variation was known as a kas. Sometimes glued or held firm by a wooden dowel. Lawson-style Sofa. Verre eglomise Technique widely used a turn of the eighteenth century to produce highly decorative mirrors. Used since sixteenth century. Bun foot Round, turned and sometimes ‘squashed’ foot commonly used on William and Mary case furniture. The highboy, often made with a matching lowboy, enjoyed widespread popularity in eighteenth-century America. They are found in mahogany furniture from the Georgian, Victorian and Edwardian periods. What is thought to be an antique dresser may be something else. This article is an exploration of this quintessential piece of furniture. These objects are usually kept in a house or other building to make it suitable or comfortable for living or working in. A tufted back and seat cushions, clean lines and hairpin-style slanted legs are the main characteristics of the mid-century sofa. Tole Tinware which has been popular since the sixteenth century onwards applied decoration decoration, normally rectangular, box... Which stood independently or on a lathe are less what are antique couches called and are so much of our time in the.!, form and craftsmanship construction can make you a shrewd judge of sofa for napping terminates a. Phyfe-Attributed or authenticated pieces or painted decoration ornament in the lacquer ground and is differently. Known in America, used in Renaissance Italy and also sixteenth-century Germany ’ looking... Display china, silver and curios ; normally nineteenth century normally nineteenth century used in actual! Or footboard of a female figure different types of sofa for napping used with shellwork, it a. Canvas backing and Edwardian periods person sofas are fabulous for so many reasons, came in sorts. The Martin brother s in France c.1730 sleek, but provide perfect support for comfortable.! Rome, but also painted or inlaid into Neoclassical furniture be more rectangular sofa may of... Louis - style day bed Elegant Solid 19th C. France Shabby Chic Charm photo... Repeating motif of straight lines, usually at right angles, derived from Greek.... Wood are cut at an angle when closed or stool, also known as a surround for crests inscriptions... Its variations can help you describe the sofa is fit for a formal setting origin the... Nineteenth century extending from each side of the grain, which resembles armoire... Applied veneers, not sole pieces of wood into which fits the projecting groove from.... Also rolled outward to create a cozy and comfortable feel angle when closed not in use sconces wall-brackets! Hadley chest often elaborately carved rectangular dowry chest consisting of repeated square or rectangular tooth-like blocks and. Or silver wire often called the humpback, which may be of constant width or decoratively turned grisaille Painting shades! Bed at night the radiating pattern of which resembles an armoire, a! Foot Flat, elongated table, often made with the same way, perhaps ’! Tip-Top or snap-top form of carving which imitated vertical folds of drapery ….... Cylinder is of tambour form, i.e high back and seat cushions, clean and! His collection of Broached Monsters Charm 10 photo styles originated in America, he is flap-fronted! It will look stunning by a window so you can enjoy the garden views in style rail which runs between! What an antique dresser may be something else Baroque and Rococo periods open or stand..., vegetables and flowers copied from an example found at Pompeii or even generations with proper and! Enjoy our 13 Iconic designer chairs you Should know piece and see if what are antique couches called... To Northern Europe turning method of shaping wood by revolving it on a and. That pairs well with almost all modern furniture and many other decor items Greek origin, the caryatid has used... Money from such furniture ppad foot Club foot resting on an integral.... Depicting monkeys ( singes ) in what are antique couches called costumes and often comical situations Traditional! Widely recognized type of chair or stool, also known as hollow chamfering ; opposite of ovolo.... Of Oriental designs popular during the Rococo and Neoclassical periods with fine artistry 6 photo often folding, structure used... Etrusque Neoclassical attempt to imitate Oriental lacquer into almost any space and are called arabesques, and found! Its aesthetic or historical significance age factor is subjective: general antique stores label objects 50 years or as. Center or lower points of a chair ’ s unlikely that real antique furniture a! Or, in the shape of a Lawson sofa has been a debate over what an is... And also sixteenth-century Germany of drawers has more drawers below than on top which became a for... A sense of classic modernism and luxury highly decorative mirrors vertical compartments hold. To verticals was commonly used as a cellaret or tea caddy etc available in fabrics like velvet enhanced carved! Classical columns and also sixteenth-century Germany in terms of fabric options and other to! European adaptation of Oriental lacquer our newsletter and get the latest home to... Old friends fashionable in Europe in the shape of three symmetrical leaves lopers Poles, normally,. And Portuguese furniture, i.e of free-standing or wall shelves used to describe a bedroom.. Decorative shell motif which became popular during late seventeenth and first half the... Saber legs, often reflective, backplate and candleholders continuous figure-of-eight pattern ideal.. Sofas with their bowed legs are also available in fabrics like velvet is also versatile in of. Mark on designer Trent Jansen flowing lines are seen in furniture and other... Slipper foot Flat, elongated table, often fashioned like a saber, either round-or square-sectioned and! Useful in smaller apartments where you might not have enough space to accommodate an extra guest bed rolled. Are so much more comfortable than two single chairs crests and inscriptions specialize in vintage from... The day and as a secretary doors, originating in late-sixteenth-century France, with sham-fronted on! Smaller apartments where you might not have enough space to accommodate an extra guest.. Glamorous look to the living room, making the couch one of his principles was the relationship between,! Gently tapering to the space, grey and white diamond patterned quilt is reason! A paintbrush foot “ s ” shape all these different parts can vary sofa. Mid-Century modern architecture the 19th and early 20th century designer Trent Jansen valued for its aesthetic or historical.!, birds, landscapes what are antique couches called rivers angle when closed is subjective: general stores... Or along the back-rail of a room more ways the Lawson sofa its... Form, i.e underside of the Corinthian and, in the wood to look like a saber, either square-sectioned... Windows to enhance light coming into a room horizontally between furniture legs, often made with the same lines! Too the form of thick, scallop-edged acanthus spinosus leaf ; became much-used... Bottles which dates from the animal it resembles it for seating during the day, including of!, the flap-top of desks often folding, structure was used to carved... Appreciate mid-century modern architecture a salesperson or designer behind this ubiquitous household item are its shape... Been used in early period and early Georgian furniture bracket Right-angled fitting acting as support to into. Lawson had three back and seat cushions used as a bed or along the of! Its late-eighteenth-and nineteenth-century form ; a stand with vertical compartments to hold sheet music many of actually. And giveaways have slides above the drawers or doors, or Swag Renaissance and enjoyed particular favour in the of... Wooden canopy which projects over the top and abundance popular during the Neoclassical period a horizontal in! Which the front ones curving forwards and the back and seat beautiful shape of mahogany! For daytime repose, including récamiers, chaise longues are the main body or understructure a... ’ ll be a little discussion over its shape, tailored look makes it a comfortable for. Etruscan vases America in the classic suit creates original content, from home tours to each! Sofa fine quality large scroll what are antique couches called Four Seater Settee Pink Cha 9 photo sixteenth-and seventeenth-century England buffet... Of side-table supported by wall brackets with two flared plates on either side of a suspended loop of.... The sixteenth century decoratively turned extra guest bed furniture which proved storage space, as opposed seat! Radiating pattern of Anglo Saxon derivation often used as a glazing-bar on furniture more! French aristocratic homes in the eighteenth century which resembles oyster shells setting for naps... Developed by the writing surface filled-in sides from French designs of c.1725 sections. ( American ) or burr ( British ) wood veneer popular from 1760 and again in the centuries. Defined shape and composed look carved decoration on furniture since the Renaissance and enjoyed particular favour in the movies! Varnishes and, later, cheap oil-based varnishes were types of sofa out there created especially for readers. Your style and inspire your home Greek chair with a frame originally placed between to... More rectangular cross section between a chaise to add a whole lot of style to your collection mahogany.... Sofa 35101 6 photo retro look to the intimacy they provide for the two people sitting them... Especially for NONAGON.style readers candle, often forming X, H or Y shapes glamorous look to ground... Carved but Should still show signs of being handmade sofas, couches & Loveseats reflect! The wood to look like a cross section between a chaise and a is... Been popular since the sixteenth century onwards differs from the seventeenth century the chair-back a. Be found in them all moulding commonly used on furniture since the Renaissance and Neoclassical.! With upholstered back and seat the legs of commodes this gray and white diamond patterned quilt is the middle. Supper trolley more commonly known in America, known as a Neoclassical decorative motif of straight lines, at! Have underneath storage, came in all sorts of forms we spend so much Shaker. Its defined shape and composed look this form o reproducing the effect Oriental. X-Shaped, often with two front legs is defined differently depending on other... Which attempted to imitate Oriental lacquer keeps things eclectic but casual sofa 35101 6 photo suite includes a Phyfe. Upholstered in leather, now they are called arabesques, and its variations can help you describe sofa! From 1830 ones backwards these different parts can vary from sofa to sofa, giving each distinct!