American Yellowwood1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Yellowwood is so-named because the freshly-cut heartwood is a muted to brilliant yellow color, and the wood is known to yield a yellow dye (Fig. Family: Fabaceae (fab-AY-see-ee) Genus: Cladrastis (kluh-DRAS-tis) Species: kentukea (ken-TUK-ee-uh) Cultivar: Rosea: Additional cultivar information: (aka Perkin's Pink) Synonym: Cladrastis kentuckea: One member has or wants this plant for trade. Rudd symbol: CLKE Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, but individual leaflets sub-opposite, 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7), entire margins, 8 to 12" long, each leaflet obovate to oblong-obovate, green upper surface, paler below. The American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) may be America’s most inherently valuable native tree for landscaping. kentukea) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. This large, American-native is spectacular in spring, with creamy white flower panicles that are 8-14″ long and loaded with fragrant pea-like flowers. Cladrastis kentukea Yellowwood » Cascades of fragrant white blooms in May and June » Elm-like shaped tree » Brilliant yellow fall foliage; Photo courtesy of Bailey Nursery 7 gal. A low branching tree with a wide, round crown that is rarely seen here. ‘Native’ because its current range is primarily restricted to scattered outcroppings in the Ozarks and southern Appalachian highlands where it often grows on shady slopes in chalky, limestone-rich soils. As a bloomer and small shade tree, it deserves greater recognition and consideration for its fine qualities. photo credit: R. Robert . The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are white. 1). Kentucky Yellow Wood, Yellow Wood, Gopherwood, Virgillia. Its ability to perform well when planted far outside of its natural range only deepens the mystery of the yellowwood. Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) Yellowwood (American Yellowwood) Categories: Trees. The rich green foliage stands out in any summer landscape followed by a golden yellow fall display. kentukea: of Kentucky. Cladrastis kentukea is a striking tree with long panicles of fragrant white flowers in June. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood syn. - $149.99. The Naming Hisory: Yellowwood was first named Sophora kentukea by Dumont de Courset in 1811. Branches are usually gray and smooth, although sometimes they are brown. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. A medium-sized deciduous tree from the legume family, yellowwood is native to the southeastern United States. Though rare even within its native range, Cladrastis kentukea should be considered one of the most spectacular flowering trees of the eastern US. Roadsides, forest borders and fragments, areas of habitation. Cladrastis kentukea, American yellowwood, is a medium sized tree with a patchy native range in the southeastern United States. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. Yellowwood ( Cladrastis kentukea)is a medium growing, deciduous tree of the legume family which features a broad, rounded crown and typically grows 30-50′ tall. Cladrastis lutea Yellowwood is a vase-shaped spreading tree with dark green foliage that turns a delicate yellow or orange in the fall and smooth light gray bark. Its white, fragrant, pea-like flowers hang in 15-inch-long clusters in spring, and, in some years, the tree offers attractive yellow fall foliage. Wetland Status. Cladrastis kentukea Figure 1. yellowwood Fabaceae Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. – yellowwood Subordinate Taxa. Cladrastis kentukea When choosing a medium-sized tree (for instance to replace an ash lost to emerald ash borer) consider the yellowwood. Once known as C. lutea, with lutea (yellow), referring to its yellow wood (see below). Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson 2. Is also sometimes grown as multiple-stemmed shrub. Cladrastis is from the Greek klados and thraustos which mean “branch” and “fragile” in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea means “of Kentucky.” Common Name. Michx.) Rudd; Preferred Common Name. Cladrastis: from the Greek, klado, a branch, and thraustos, fragile, referring to the brittle shoots. After his visit to New Harmony in 1818, Rafinesque moved to Kentucky and held a professorship at Transylvania University in Lexington. This unique legume is endemic to the eastern United States and enjoys a strangely patchy distribution. Cladrastis kentukea Bean family (Fabaceae) Description: This medium-sized tree is 30-65' tall at maturity, forming a short trunk that soon branches and subdivides into a rounded crown. The tree may not flower for the first 8-10 years, but once the bloom begins, it can be spectacular. The Kentucky Yellowwood is botanically called Cladrastis kentukea (lutea). Breathtaking, pendulous, foot-long, wisteria-like clusters of fragrant white flowers appear in late spring and early summer, often in alternate years. Cladrastis kentukea – Yellowwood. C. lutea, C. tinctoria, is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. See more ideas about Plants, Kentucky, Tree. Yellowwood is a medium-sized tree is rare in its native range in North Carolina, where it is known from only a handful of counties in the western Mountains. Cours.) View gallery. This tree prefers deep, moist, fertile, well-drained loam or moist sandy soil with a medium acid pH. Height 30' Spread 20' Zone 4 Categories Tree Tags Fragrant; Low Maintenance; Full Sun; Partial Sun; Spring Bloomer; Average Water. It's an excellent small shade tree for smaller properties, as a single specimen or in groupings. It will tolerate both high pH and acidicsoils. Cours.) Call us at 1 315 4971058. Cladrastis Species, American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood Cladrastis kentukea. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more. Interpreting Wetland Status. Young American Yellowwood. Yellowwood is named for the bright yellow heartwood. It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8. They typically grow to be 30-50 feet tall at maturity, with upright b Petiole swollen at base and enclosing the bud. Despite its small native habitat, C. kentukea is hardy to zone 4 and performs well outside of its natural distribution. Water … Yellowwood is so named because the freshly cut heartwood is a muted to brilliant yellow color, and the wood is known to yield a yellow dye. Although it flowers best in full sun, yellowwood does well growing in slightly shaded areas. The trunk is grey brown and smooth, when mature shallow grooves may appear. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT. Cladrastis kentukea. Cladrastis kentukea common name: Yellowwood. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. Introduction. K. Koch; Sophora kentukea Dum.-Cours. 0 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Cladrastis Raf. Cladrastis kentukea (Yellowwood) Pea Family (Fabaceae) Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our best medium-sized, native flowering tree. Species of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 m tall. K. Koch; International Common Names . The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. 23 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Related Links. In North Carolina, Yellowwood is found only in a few of our western-most counties bordering Tennessee, and is among the rarest of our native trees. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. Springtime will bring about an abundance of large pendulous panicles of intensely fragrant white flowers, very similar in appearance to those of wisteria. Scientific Name. As the tree matures, the bark turns gray similar to a beech. A deciduous tree with broadly pinnate leaves and sweetly scented, white flowers. American yellowwood; Other Scientific Names. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. yellowwood, Cladrastis kentukea. The species is native to the southeastern U.S. Cladrastis kentukea: American Yellowwood 1. Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Fabales>Fabaceae>Cladrastis kentukea (Dumont de Courset) Rudd. Cladrastis lutea (F. Though not particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis are beautiful trees. Following the flowers, 4″ light brown seed pods form in autumn. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be nutritious soil, tolerates dryness. On old trees, trunk bark is light gray and pebbly, while on young trees it is light gray and smooth. Photo by Rachel White . White seed pods emerge from the flowers and mature in September to October. Common Name: yellowwood Scientific Name: Family: Fabaceae Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. Cladrastis kentukea Kentucky yellowwood Legal Status. • CT, MA; also reported from RI by Kartesz (1999), but specimens are unknown. Identity Taxonomic Tree List of Pests Uses List ... Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. I was excited to spot the tree at left hanging … American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood 'Rosea' Cladrastis kentukea. Important properties. Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood) is possibly the most unique ‘native’ tree of eastern North America. The leaves are compound pinnate, with 5–17 alternately arranged leaflets. This under-planted native packs a big wow factor from its fragrant, pendulous flower panicles in May to early June. Cladrastis (yellowwood) is a genus of nine species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, eight native to eastern Asia, and one to southeastern North America.. American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) $ 40.00. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama.Also the tree is sometimes called Virgilia. Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood) Index. View gallery. Jun 5, 2019 - Yellowwood, Kentucky yellowwood. Cladrastis lutea and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. T… Read more. Yellowwood will grow to be about 45 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 45 feet. Cladrastis lutea ( syn. Other names include American yellowwood and virgilia. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. French: Bois jaune; Local Common Names. Category: Trees. American Yellowwood has bright green foliage that contrasts nicely with darker leaved trees and turns golden-yellow in autumn. The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Cladrastis . The immense beauty and grace of the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) is inversely proportional to its abundance. Although it flowers best in full Sun, Yellowwood does well growing slightly! The Naming Hisory: Yellowwood is thought to be our best medium-sized, native flowering tree 's excellent. Endemic to the eastern US kentukea ( Dum about Plants, Kentucky 'Rosea! 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